W.E.B. Du Bois and Virginia Woolf each wrote as proponents for equality of their respective groups, black men and women. Despite this similarity, their approaches differed immensely. W.E.B. Du Bois’ literary works were written in a manner meant to appeal to the entirety of his audience, which included both intellectuals (mostly white) and common people (mostly black). As a graduate of Fisk University, as well as Harvard University, Du Bois was versed in Western literature and was thus able to effectively appeal to intellectuals. However, in one of his most influential works The Souls of Black Folk, Du Bois combines his traditional Western prose with stanzas from traditional black spirituals. This convergence of the intellectual white with the oppressed black echoed Du Bois’ political goals of educating the recently freed black men, evident in the following passage.
“The foundation of knowledge in this race, as in others, must be sunk deep in the college and university is we would build a solid, permanent structure…We shall hardly induce black men to believe that if their stomachs be full, it matters little about their brains” (Du Bois 89).
Du Bois fought for the equality of black men and white men in this manner because black men were thought of as intellectually-inferior to white men in early 20th century and the centuries prior to then. Therefore, by writing well as a black man in a traditional Western style, Du Bois was combating the assumption that black men were incapable of being intellectuals to advocate for their equality. Virginia Woolf used a very different approach because her cause warranted it; Women and black men were seen very differently at the dawn of the 20th century. Continue reading “The Fight for Equality: Du Bois and Woolf”→
Ta-Nehisi Coates emphasizes the love a black parent has for his/her child in his National Book Award winner, Between the World and Me.
“Black people love their children with a kind of obsession. You are all we have, and you come to us endangered. I think we would like to kill you ourselves before seeing you killed by the streets that America made” (Coates 82).
Why does Coates make a distinction between the love of a white parent and of a black parent? Coates and other black parents understand that their children are helpless against the systemic racism engrained in American society and there is little they can do to protect them. This is inarguable considering the recurring news stories featuring police brutality against young black men. While this does not discount the love of a white parent for his/her child by any means, white parents don’t have to to deal with this fear, an emotion stressed throughout Between the World and Me. Continue reading “Black Parenting: Ta-Nehisi Coates and Maya Angelou”→
Protest movements do not have a definite formula. From the labor workers’ rights strikes beginning in the early 19th century to the nonviolent protests utilized by Gandhi and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., people have protested against injustice using a variety of techniques. However, one of the most dynamic and effective methods of social protest, especially for African Americans, is music. Continue reading “A Musical Protest Movement”→